aside ISRAEL-PALESTINE CONFLICT FROM MAY 2003-2005

Palestinian leaders, Mahmoud Abbas, Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister, Ariel Sharon (2001-2006)
Palestinian leaders, Mahmoud Abbas, Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister, Ariel Sharon (2001-2006)

The following information is from a PBS documentary:

SECOND INTIFADA 2003 – 2005

June 4, 2003 Bush, Sharon, Abbas Meet at Aqaba, Jordan, Peace Summit

“At a Mideast peace summit (Aqaba, Jordan) convened by President Bush, the Israeli and Palestinian prime ministers promised Wednesday (June 4, 2003) to take real, if limited, steps toward ending their bloody conflict. Israeli Prime Minister Sharon promised to immediately begin dismantling unauthorized Jewish outposts on the West Bank, while Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmod Abbas explicitly asserted that the ‘armed intefadeh must end,’ referring to the Palestinians’ 32-month uprising against Israel.”

June 19, 2003 Israel Begins Construction of West Bank Security Wall/Fence

“The Israelis have started building a fence that eventually will continue for more than 200 miles — roughly coinciding with Israel’s 1967 border with the West Bank. But there are several major detours to ensure that Ariel, Immanuel and other major Jewish settlement communities on the West Bank are on the Israeli side of the fence. Surveyed from the air, it’s a massive project. It’s eventual cost: an estimated $220 million.”

June 30, 2003Hamas, Islamic Jihad, Fatah Agree to Three Month Ceasefire with Israel

“… Palestinian PM Mahmoud Abbas, with Egyptian help, has succeeded in getting Islamic Jihad, Hamas and to agree to a ceasefire, or in Arabic, ‘Hudna’, in order to facilitate implementing the Roadmap peace plan. In response, Israel overnight withdrew forces from an area of the Northern Gaza strip they had been controlling, and handed it over to Palestinian security forces.”

US Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice and Israeli Prime Minister, Ariel Sharon
US Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice and Israeli Prime Minister, Ariel Sharon

Aug. 21, 2003 Palestinian-Israeli Cease-fire Declared Dead

“A senior Hamas official declared a cease-fire dead on Thursday (Aug. 21, 2003) shortly after Israeli helicopter missiles killed Ismail Abu Shanab, a leader of the militant Islamic group.”

Oct. 14, 2003 Geneva Accord Unveiled

“A group of prominent Israeli and Palestinian politicians, working outside official channels, have written a symbolic peace agreement that they hope could be a foundation for future negotiations… The proposal, dubbed the Geneva Accords, will be formally signed at a ceremony planned for next month in that Swiss city. The Israeli delegation was led by Yossi Beilin, a former justice minister. The most prominent Palestinian was Yasir Abed Rabbo, a former information minister. Under the proposal, a Palestinian state would be created that would include the entire Gaza Strip and almost all of the West Bank. The capital would be in the Arab neighborhoods of East Jerusalem.”

From left to right, Palestinian leader, Mahmoud Abbas, US President George Bush, Israeli PM Ariel Sharon, Jordan King Abdullah II
From left to right, Palestinian leader, Mahmoud Abbas, US President George Bush, Israeli PM Ariel Sharon, Jordan King Abdullah II

Nov. 18, 2003 E.U. Formally Condemns Israeli West Bank Wall/Fence

“The European Union is to formally condemn Israel’s controversial ‘security fence’ in the occupied West Bank. With relations strained anew by alleged anti-semitism in Europe, the Israeli foreign minister, Silvan Shalom, yesterday demanded a ‘more balanced’ EU stance on the Middle East conflict. Meeting EU foreign ministers in Brussels, he insisted the fence was intended to keep out Palestinian suicide bombers and would be dismantled in the event of a peace settlement. But in a strongly worded statement to be issued today (Nov. 18, 2003), the EU says the fence could prevent the creation of a viable Palestinian state alongside Israel. It recognises Israel’s right to protect itself from terrorist attacks, but urges it to avoid civilian casualties and to end extra-judicial killings.”

Dec. 16, 2003 Sharon Announces Gaza Plan

“At the Herzliya Conference [Dec. 16, 2003],Sharon announces his disengagement plan, which he says will include ‘the redeployment of IDF forces along new security lines and a change in the deployment of settlements … In the framework of a future agreement, Israel will not remain in all the places where it is today.’”

Feb. 2, 2004 Sharon Announces Complete Gaza Withdrawal

“The Israeli prime minister, Ariel Sharon, told his dismayed Likud Party today (Feb. 2, 2004) that he plans to dismantle the Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip, his most direct commitment yet on unilateral steps if peace talks fail, participants in the meeting said. Mr Sharon spoke to his fellow party members just hours after telling the Ha’aretz daily he had ‘given an order to plan for the evacuation’ of the 17 Gaza settlements, which are home to about 7,500 Israelis. ‘I don’t know if it will be done in one go, or gradually, but over the course of time, it will not be right to continue Jewish settlement in Gaza,’ a Likud official quoted him as telling the meeting. Mr Sharon referred to the Jewish settlements in Gaza as ‘a security burden and a source of continuous friction,’ said the official, speaking on condition of anonymity. He had earlier told Ha’aretz that he envisaged a future where there would be ‘no Jews in Gaza’, but warned that the extraction of so many communities could prove to be a long process.”

Palestinian-Prime-Minister-Mahmoud-Abbas-Jordanian-King-Abdullah-ii-Egyptian-President-Hosni-Mubarak-and-israeli-Prime-Minister-Ariel-Sharon
Palestinian-Prime-Minister-Mahmoud-Abbas-Jordanian-King-Abdullah-ii-Egyptian-President-Hosni-Mubarak-and-israeli-Prime-Minister-Ariel-Sharon

Mar. 22, 2004 Hamas Founder and Spiritual Leader, Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, Killed by Israeli Airstrike

“Hamas founder and spiritual leader Sheikh Ahmed Yassin was killed in an Israeli airstrike Monday morning [Mar. 22, 2004] as he was leaving a Gaza City mosque. Seven others were killed in the strike, Palestinian officials said. Sixteen people were wounded in the attack, including two of Yassin’s sons; seven of the wounded were in critical condition, hospital spokesmen said. Palestinian security sources told CNN that Yassin’s car and vehicles carrying his bodyguards were hit by three rockets as he was leaving a mosque after morning prayers.”

Palestinian leader, Mahmoud Abbas, President George Bush and Israeli PM Ariel Sharon
Palestinian leader, Mahmoud Abbas, President George Bush and Israeli PM Ariel Sharon

Apr. 17, 2004 Hamas leader Abdel-Aziz al-Rantissi Killed by Israeli Airstrike

“The head of the Hamas militant Islamic movement in Gaza, Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi, has been killed in a targeted Israeli missile strike on his car (Apr. 17, 2004)… Two other people in Rantissi’s car died and several passers-by were hurt.”

July 9, 2004 World Court Rules Against West Bank Fence/Wall

“The International Court of Justice ruled Friday (July 9, 2004) in The Hague that the separation fence being built by Israel in the West Bank was in breach of international law, and called on Israel to tear it down and compensate Palestinians harmed by its construction. The court’s non-binding advisory on the legality of the fence called on the United Nations Security Council to consider ‘further action’ to stop the construction of the barrier.”

a-palestinian-man-herds-his-goats-through-an-unfinished-section-of-israels-electrified-separation-fence-june-22-2003-near-the-west-bank
a-palestinian-man-herds-his-goats-through-an-unfinished-section-of-israels-electrified-separation-fence-june-22-2003-near-the-west-bank

Oct. 26, 2004 Israel’s Parliament Votes in Support of Dismantling all Jewish Settlements in Gaza

“Israel’s parliament voted Tuesday night (Oct. 26, 2004) to close all 21 Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip, evacuate their 8,100 residents and withdraw thousands of Israeli troops that protect them, handing Prime Minister Ariel Sharon a major political victory on an issue that has created a deep rupture in Israeli politics and society. Sharon’s Gaza disengagement plan was approved by a 67 to 45 vote in the 120-member parliament, or Knesset, even though almost half the members of his Likud Party and most of his traditional allies in ultranationalist and religious parties abandoned him. Sharon was supported instead by longtime opponents in more dovish parties who historically have viewed him as their archenemy.”

Nov. 11, 2004 Yasser Arafat Dies in Paris

“For the last several years of his (Yasser Arafat) life he was in failing health and rumored to have Parkinson’s Disease. His conditioned worsened in October 2004. Israel agreed to allow him to be transferred to a hospital in Paris on October 29 where his wife stayed by his side. He died November 11, 2004, at age 75… After his death, Arafat’s body was flown from Paris to Cairo, where a ceremony was held in his honor attended by numerous foreign dignitaries. Arafat’s remains were then flown to Ramallah where he was interred in a grave near his headquarters.”

YASSER ARAFAT
YASSER ARAFAT

Jan. 10, 2005 Abbas Elected as Successor to Arafat

“Mahmoud Abbas was elected Palestinian Authority president by a landslide, results showed Monday, giving the pragmatist a mandate to resume peace talks with Israel – but also leaving him with the tough task of reining in powerful armed groups. Israeli leaders welcomed Abbas’ victory, but said they will watch closely how hard he tries to subdue militants… Abbas said the Palestinians were ‘ready for peace’ with Israel, and he was eager to resume talks based on the internationally backed ‘road map’ peace plan.”

Israeli leader, Ariel Sharon
Israeli leader, Ariel Sharon

Jan. 24, 2005 Palestinian Militants Agree to Ceasefire

“Hamas and Islamic Jihad have agreed to suspend attacks on Israel in order to give the new Palestinian leader, Mahmoud Abbas, time to secure international guarantees for a comprehensive ceasefire that would end more than four years of intifada. Mr. Abbas told Palestinian television yesterday that it was ‘essential’ that Israel reciprocate by ending its targeting of armed Islamist groups. He said he had made ‘significant’ progress in talks with Hamas and Islamic Jihad and expected to reach a comprehensive agreement with them soon on an array of political and security issues that would effectively end their war on Israel.”

Feb. 8, 2005 Sharon and Abbas Agree to Wide-Ranging Ceasefire

“Mahmoud Abbas, the Palestinian president, and Ariel Sharon, prime minister of Israel, held summit talks at this Egyptian resort on Tuesday — the highest-level meeting between the sides in four years — and declared a truce in hostilities. Mr. Abbas said he and Mr. Sharon ‘have jointly agreed to cease all acts of violence against Israelis and Palestinians everywhere,’ while Mr. Sharon said they ‘agreed that all Palestinians will stop all acts of violence against all Israelis everywhere, and in parallel, Israel will cease all its military activity against all Palestinians everywhere.’ Officials said Israel would also pull back its troops from five West Bank cities — Jericho, Bethlehem, Ramallah, Tulkarm and Qalqilya — in the next three weeks and stop the arrests and assassinations of top militants if they agree to put down their weapons.”

7 comments

Comments are closed.