aside Why Are Refugees Fleeing Central America to Seek Asylum In The USA?

Image result for images of maps of central america

It is important to know that most refugees seeking asylum at the US Southwestern border are mostly from three countries in Central America, steeped in violence which include, Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador.

There are more Mexicans returning to Mexico than are crossing over to the US. The vast majority of these families coming from Central American countries are not criminals, MS-13 gang members, rapists and murderers.

There is a criminal background check of those attempting to gain entry into the USA, and of course, those peoples with a criminal record need to be denied entry.

But as per international law, it is legal for refugees to request asylum in the USA, when they are in fear for their lives if they are forced to return back to their countries of origin. They are not invading, infesting the USA as per the words of President Trump.

President Trump has ordered under his “zero tolerance” policy via his Attorney General Jeff Sessions’ April 6, 2018  memo that every refugee seeking asylum in between designated US points of entry to be arrested for a misdemeanor and detained. As the parents are detained, the children are forcibly separated from their families. Due to public outrage, President Trump ended this new procedure by an executive order on the 20th of June 2018.

Directing the migrants to apply for asylum only at the US designated points of entry has been a red herring as most refugees had been turned away at these points of entry. There are documented stories detailing how peoples have been waiting for weeks to gain entry as well as instances where children were still being forcibly separated from parents, even at these US designated points of entry.

Image result for photos of honduras gangs

As per 6/21/18 NY Magazine article by Eric Levitz, this is what republicans argue:

“In defending its “zero tolerance” policy — which is to say, a policy of jailing asylum-seekers for the misdemeanor offense of crossing the U.S. border between official points of entry — the White House has implored its critics to consider the bigger picture: Such “illegal aliens” have already undermined the rule of law in our country, and brought drugs, violent crime, and MS-13 to our streets. Locking up their families might look cruel when viewed in isolation; but when understood in the broader context of a migrant crisis that threatens the safety and sovereignty of the American people, the policy is more than justified.”

As per the 6/23/18 Lawfare article by Stephanie Leutert, “while the current administration has tried to tie Central American migrants to MS-13, government data reveals that gang members crossing irregularly are the rare exceptions. Since the Trump administration took office, the Border Patrol has detected fewer gang members crossing irregularly than during the Obama administration. In FY2017, these detections amounted to 0.075 percent of the total number of migrants (228 MS-13 members out of 303,916 total migrants). When combined with MS-13’s rival, the Barrio 18 gang, the number rises only slightly to 0.095 percent. This is far from the “infestation” of violent gang members described by the president.”

Image result for photos of honduras gangs

As per 6/21/18 NY Magazine article by Eric Levitz, these are the facts which counter the republicans’ talking points:

“In reality, however, this narrative inverts the truth: Context does not excuse the cruelty of our government’s “zero tolerance” policy, it indicts that policy even further. The United States is not suffering a crisis that justifies radical measures; the Central American families gathered at our border are. And those families aren’t bringing crime and lawlessness to our country — if anything, we brought such conditions to theirs.”

“After all, it was the CIA that overthrew the democratically elected government of Guatemala in 1954, and thereby subjected its people to decades of dictatorship and civil war. It was the streets and prisons of California that gave birth to MS-13, and American immigration authorities that deported that gang back to El Salvador. And it is America’s taste for narcotics that sustains the drug trade in Honduras — and our war on drugs that ensures such trade is conducted by immensely profitable and violent cartels.”

“There is no easy answer to the Central American migrant crisis. But any remotely moral policy response will need to proceed from the recognition that we are not the victims of this crisis — and asylum-seekers are not its creators.”

Central American families are not a threat to the United States.
“It is very hard to make a reasoned case for why our nation’s current levels of undocumented immigration — or, of low-skilled immigration more broadly — represent major threats to the safety and material well-being of the American people.”

“We have long known that native-born Americans commit violent crimes at far higher rates than either legal or undocumented immigrants. And newer research into immigration and criminality has proven even more devastating to the nativists’ case: States with higher concentrations of undocumented immigrants tend to have lower rates of violent crime — and this correlation persists even when controlling for a given state’s median age, level of urbanization, and rate of unemployment or incarceration.”

Link to entire article:We Owe Central American Migrants Much More Than This – NYMag

On June 23, 2018, Luis Gomez of the San Diego Union-Tribune penned the following report, “Why so many Central American migrants risk family separation, detention at U.S. border”

Excerpts:

“A key question many have wondered: Why flee Central America and risk such a treacherous journey and arrival to the U.S.?”

“One answer: An insurmountable amount of violence.”

Image result for photos of honduras gangs

“Report after report has found that violent crime is forcing many people, especially families, to flee their home countries out of fear of being killed. And the vast majority are arriving from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala.”

“Here’s how the numbers tell a story behind the mass migration that’s leading many to end up in detentions or separated from their family at the U.S.-Mexico border:”

Violence in Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala

“Violent crime in countries like Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala has escalated so much that murder rates in the region are among the highest in the world, according to a 2012 Council on Foreign Relations report.”

“War-torn Syria leads in the world with the most violent deaths, one recent international survey report found. But El Salvador holds the No. 1 spot in the world with the most violent deaths by firearm. Venezuela is second. Honduras is fourth. And Guatemala is 10th.”

Image result for photos of honduras gangs

Just how violent are those countries?

“In the U.S. as a whole, the annual homicide rate is five per 100,000 people, according to one recent international survey report. In El Salvador, the rate is 99.7. In Honduras, the rate is 67.7. And in Guatemala, the rate is 32.7.”

How many of migrants are arriving in the U.S.?

“Immigrants who enter the U.S. illegally come from many parts of the world, but the latest data from the U.S. Customs and Border Protection show the majority come from those three countries. Family units made the lion share of those apprehended at the border, per the CBP.”

Related image

“Between October 2017 and May 2018, some 29,278 family units from Guatemala were apprehended; another 20,675 family units from Honduras were also apprehended; and 7,167 family units were from El Salvador.”

“Next to those numbers are unaccompanied minors apprehended at the border. Within the same time period, some 16,480 unaccompanied minors from Guatemala were apprehended at the border. The CBP reported 2,690 from El Salvador and 6,350 from Honduras.”

The chart below breaks down the numbers over the years.

Apprehensions by U.S. Customs and Border Protection
Apprehensions by U.S. Customs and Border Protection CBP
Image result for photos of honduras gangs

Anecdotally, what do migrants say?

“Journalists covering the story on both sides of the border have heard from migrants themselves. Some have arrived unaware of the Trump administration’s “zero-tolerance” policy and others have said that the alternative is worse.”

“One woman named Carmen told El Pais that she and her family fled San Salvador to seek asylum in the U.S. after a gang member threatened to kill her if she did not stay with him. When asked whether the “zero-tolerance” policy would deter her, she said no.”

“If my children can stay there, I have hope that I will be able to see them again. In my country, the only thing that awaits me is death,” she said.”

“Another woman, Patricia de Jesus Flores, told NBC News she was weighing seeking entry into the U.S. despite risking being separated from her children. She, too, said she had no choice but to leave her home in Honduras.”

“If my country would be OK, I would be there happily with my child,” she said. “I would not try to cross.”

Along the U.S.-Mexico border, countless stories echo the same struggle.

MSNBC

@MSNBC

WATCH: @marianaatencio speaks to mothers in Reynosa, Mexico. One mother said she’s fleeing violence in Honduras, where her life is threatened and they want to kill her entire family.

PBS NewsHour

@NewsHour

U.S. officials have maintained that potential asylum-seekers entering at legal border crossings will not be prosecuted and will be processed in turn. But the process isn’t always that easy. @Nawazistan follows a grandmother and granddaughter who are fleeing cartel violence.

Image result for photos of honduras gangs

Last weekend, Democrats and some Republicans decried President Donald Trump’s policy — which he amended Thursday to avoid family separations — that criminalized everyone entering the U.S. illegally, including those fearing violence and seeking asylum.

On Friday, Trump and the White House accused Democrats of exploiting the viral image of a crying toddler in an effort to push their political agenda. Trump called those stories “phony.”

Donald J. Trump

@realDonaldTrump

We must maintain a Strong Southern Border. We cannot allow our Country to be overrun by illegal immigrants as the Democrats tell their phony stories of sadness and grief, hoping it will help them in the elections. Obama and others had the same pictures, and did nothing about it!

12 comments

  1. Reblogged this on It Is What It Is and commented:
    Get educated! Know the reasons … isn’t this the kind America that extends a helping hand and a welcome? Not now …
    ‘Most refugees seeking asylum at the US Southwestern border are mostly from three countries in Central America, steeped in violence which include, Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador.’

    • Dear Horty,

      Everything that the president is saying about the US immigration crisis is a lie. Nothing he says on this subject has any basis in fact as per the US governments own studies, data and statistics.

      Thanks a million times over for all of your support and for this reblog.

      Hugs, Gronda

  2. Did you read about the Central American father who went to the authorities in an attempt to get drugs out of their neighborhood? The drug dealers found out and were going to kill him and his family for turning them in. The family had no choice but to run. When the drug dealers found out their landlord had helped them get away, they killed him!

    THIS is what many of these people are running from … and what they will face if they are forced to return.

    But who cares? They’re nothing but nasty immigrants who can’t even speak English. Right? 😠

  3. Dear Nan,

    You have the picture. These peoples are refugees seeking asylum and they deserve better. That the president is putting these suffering refugees through more trauma is just plain evil.

    You have a great point. A journalist needs to tell more of these stories. Americans have to face what this president is doing.

    Hugs, Gronda

  4. Excellent well researched post. This should be a must read for anyone wishing to know why these immigrants are desperate to get here at all costs. Such a tragedy and to think we have a percentage of people who absolutely do not care about these people. It is so disheartening.

    • Dear Mary Plumbago,

      It has gotten to the point that anyone who continues to support this president has to face the fact that they are backing a racist and a child abuser who justifies breaking up families based on his racist impulses.

      Thanks for the kind words of encouragement.

      Hugs, Gronda

  5. Reblogged this on Scotties Toy Box and commented:
    Thank you for this informative post. More people need to see the reality of the situation, instead of the fear mongering by republican talking points and Fox News. This should not be a political issue, it is a humanitarian issue, and we are failing the test. Ask yourself if it was you trying to save the life of your child, what would you do? What border would you try to cross to save your child ? Hugs

  6. Dear Scottie,

    It is so disheartening to watch President Trump do his evil based on lies that he is marketing so that he can look tough and strong on his signature issue, anti-immigration. He is selling fear, and preying on peoples worst instincts.

    And the victims are children and refugee families who deserve compassion and help, not cruelty and abuse. We are so much better than this.

    Hugs, Gronda

  7. No, international law does not say they can apply in the United States for asylum, it says that they can apply in the first country they come to after leaving their’s, for asylum. In most cases that would be Mexico. Mexico is a great country with great. loving people. This is where these people are legally supposed to seek refuge, not the USA.

    • Dear Hank45678,

      Welcome!

      There are some right leaning sources reporting what you are asserting. My recollection is that some call this the Dublin rule.

      I would have to do some research to determine how this rule pertains to the USA. My gut thinking ( not yet based on fact) is that immigration law is so complex that there has to be a hole in your logic due to the fact that the US has established a precedent of accepting Central American refugees’ claims for asylum in the USA.

      As per a June 7, 2017 MPI (Migration Policy Institute) report, “In fiscal year (FY) 2016, the United States resettled 84,994 refugees. Beyond accepting refugees for resettlement from countries of first asylum, the United States also grants humanitarian protection to asylum seekers who present themselves at U.S. ports of entry or claim asylum from within the country; in FY 2015 (the most recent data available), the United States granted asylum to 26,124 individuals.”

      The above reality means that the USA has not resorted to the Dublin rule that is being used by some countries. The other problem is that the Central American refugees seeking asylum in the USA has risen since 2013 to where it is more than the prior 15 years combined.

      2012, the US Treasury designated the gang a “transnational criminal organisation”. It was the first street gang to receive the dubious honour, placing it alongside much larger international cartels like the Mexican Zetas, Japanese Yakuza and Italian Camorra. Many were deported to Central American countries.MS-13 has been in USA since about 1994.

      What a lot of folks are not aware of is that it was the US who deported MS-13 gang members to Central America to where this region has come to be rated in the top 10 murder capitols of the world. Yes, MS-13 was spawned in the USA. We do not have clean hands on this.

      It will take me time to do the research to dispute your claim which has some merit but which is misleading.

      Thanks for your input.

      Hugs, Gronda

    • Dear Hank 45678,

      I respectfully have to disagree as even President Trump, DHS and CBP agents state that it is legal for Central American refugees to ask for asylum at US designated points of entry.

      Please don’t spread information that is easily disputed.

      Hugs, Gronda

Comment

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.