aside ISRAEL- PALESTINE CONFLICT FROM 1993- 2000

Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin-First Camp David Summit

The best resource for a timeline regarding the Israeli- Palestine conflict, that I found is from PBS:

OSLO ACCORDS 1993 – 2000

1993 Israel-PLO Oslo Accords

“As the world watched in wonder, on Thursday, September 9, Norwegian foreign minister Johan Joergan Holst carried a letter from Arafat to Rabin   recognizing Israel, renouncing violence, and pledging support for repeal of clauses objectionable to Israel in the PLO charter. Rabin, for his part, signed a letter recognizing the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people and accepting the PLO as a negotiating partner. On Monday, September 13, 1993, in a stunning event on the White House lawn in Washington, the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self- Government for the Palestinians (henceforth referred to as the Israel — PLO peace accord) was signed by Foreign Minister Shimon Perez and PLO representative Mahmoud Abbas, with Warren Christopher and Russian foreign minister Andrei Kosyrev adding their signatures as witnesses, while President Clinton, Arafat, and Rabin looked on.”

ariel sharon israel begin
Former Israeli Prime Ministers. Ariel Sharon and Menachem Begin

1994 Paris Protocol

The Paris Protocol is the framework establishing the interim-period economic relations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority. The Protocol was signed in April 1994 and is part of Oslo 1, which was signed a few days later. The model established in the Protocol is known as a ‘customs union,’ the primary characteristic of which is the absence of economic borders between members of the union. The practical effect of selecting this model was preservation of the economic relations that had existed until then…”

1994 Cairo Agreement

“The Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area  (usually referred to as ‘the Cairo agreement’) was finally signed in the Egyptian capital by (Israeli Prime Minister) Rabin and Arafat, with American, Soviet, and Egyptian representatives as witnesses, on May 4, 1994…The agreement effectively transferred control over the bulk of the Gaza Strip and a sixty-five-square-kilometer area encompassing Jericho and its environs to Palestine Authority control, with Israel remaining in control of the borders between these now-autonomous areas and the outside world and of the Jewish settlements in the Strip.”

Israeli leaders, Benjamin Netanyahu, Ariel Sharon, and Shimon Perez
Israeli leaders, Benjamin Netanyahu, Ariel Sharon, and Shimon Peres

1994 Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace

“Signed on October 26, 1994,  An international boundary will be delimited within 9 months. Each party will refrain from threats or use of force against the other and from joining alliances hostile to the other and will remove restrictions from normal economic relations and terminate economic boycotts. Problems of displaced persons (from 1967) will be resolved with Egypt and the Palestinians and of refugees (from 1948) in the multilateral framework. Israel respects Jordan’s role in the mosques in Jerusalem and will give it high priority in permanent status negotiations. Annexes called for Jordan to lease one sq. mi. to Israelis for a renewable 25-year period and for Israel to provide Yarmuk River water and desalinized water to Jordan; dams will be built on the Yarmuk and Jordan Rivers to yield more water.”

Former Egyptian President Shimon Peres and former Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat
Former Egyptian President Shimon Peres and former Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat

1995 Oslo II

“On 28 Sept 1995 the Israeli- Palestine Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip was signed in Washington by Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat in the presence of Bill Clinton, Hosni Mubarak, and King Hussein of Jordan. It became known populary as Oslo II…Under the terms of this agreement, Israel yielded to the Palestinians civilian control over nearly a third of the West Bank. Four percent of the West Bank (including the towns of Jenin, Nablus, Kalkilya, Tulkarem, Ramallah, Bethlehem, and Hebron) was turned over to exclusive Palestinian control and another 25 percent to administrative-civilian control. In the Gaza Strip Israel retained control over 35 percent of the land, containing the Jewish settlements and the roads leading to them, and the rest was turned over to the Palestinian Authority.”

1997 Protocol Concerning the Redeployment in Hebron

This agreement, signed on January 15, 1997, divided the city of Hebron into two parts: H1 and H2. Israel retained full security control over the Israeli settlement enclaves in downtown Hebron (H2), over another settlement (Kiryat Arba) just outside the city, and, in order to facilitate movement by the settlers and the IDF, over the surrounding area. The agreement gave the PA (Palestinian Authority) security responsibility for the rest of Hebron (H1), although this responsibility remained closely monitored by Israeli authorities.”

President of Israel, Shimon Peres and Palestinian Yasser Arafat
Prime Minister of Israel, Yitzhak Rabin 1992-1995 until assassinated) and Palestinian Yasser Arafat

1998 Wye River

“On November 20, 1998 Israel withdrew from 2% of the West Bank included in Area C, which then became part of Area B, while 7.1 percent in Area B now joined Area A. Most of the areas evacuated were around Jenin, in northern Samaria (the northern part of the West Bank).”

1999 Sharm al-Sheikh

“The Sharm al-Sheikh agreement (signed by Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat on October 4, 1999) set out a timetable for a permanent peace settlement. A declaration of principles on final status issues was to be reached by February 13, 2000 and a permanent settlement reached by September 13, 2000. Israel accepted the remaining 11 percent redeployment agreed upon at Wye (October 3, 1998), and Arafat compromised by accepting the release of 350 prisoners, rather than the 400 the Palestinians had requested.”

Egyptian President, Ehud Barak, US Secretary of State and Palestinian Chairman, Yasser Arafat
Israeli Prime Minister, Ehud Barak, US Secretary of State and Palestinian Chairman, Yasser Arafat

2000 May

“On the night of May 23-24, in a well-orchestrated operation, backed by columns of heavy Merkava tanks and helicopter gunships, the last Israeli troops pulled out [of Lebanon] under sporadic Hezbollah fire.”

2000 Camp David II

“On July 5, 2000, President Clinton had announced that Barak and Arafat would meet at Camp David,  starting on July 11, for the ‘make or break’ summit. During July 11-26, Barak and Arafat, with Clinton (assisted by Albright) playing a crucial mediating role, tackled the major issues dividing Israel and the Palestinians: The refugees, Jerusalem, the borders between a future Palestinian state and Israel, the Israeli settlements, and the problem of water supplies and pollution.”

Egyptian President Ehud Barak and US Secretary of State, Madeleine Albright
Israeli Prime Minister from 1999-2001, Ehud Barak and US Secretary of State, Madeleine Albright

″Years of accumulated mistrust and loss of faith in the peace process, political circumstances in Israel and among the Palestinians, the history of prior agreements, perceptions of the United States’ role, the relationship (or lack thereof) between Ehud Barak and Arafat, the mechanics of the negotiations—all these contributed to a situation in which each side’s actions were interpreted by the other in the most damaging way.”

“The spark to what began as a spontaneous, ground- up rebellion was provided by a visit on September 28, 2000 to the Temple Mount compound by Knesset member Ariel Sharon,  who had succeeded Benjamin Netanyahu as Likud Party chairman in May 1999. Though a few days before Arafat had cautioned Barak against allowing the visit, his head of the security service in the West Bank, Jibril Rajoub, had promised-predicted that the visit would pass quietly; so had Israel’s internal security service, the G.S.S. (General Security Service). Besides, there was no legal bar to the M.K. (Member of the Knesset) visiting the Temple Mount, so long as he did not act or speak provocatively. So Barak had given the visit the green light. Sharon, accompanied by many dozens of policemen, smiling broadly, spent 24 minutes strolling about the compound, then left; he did not approach or enter either of the mosques (Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa).”

President Carter and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin , from 1977-1983
President Carter and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin , from 1977-1983

2000 Sep. – Oct

Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, 2001 “From the perspective of the PLO, Israel responded to the disturbances with excessive and illegal use of deadly force against demonstrators; behavior which, in the PLO’s view, reflected Israel’s contempt for the lives and safety of Palestinians. For Palestinians, the widely seen images of the killing of 12-year-old Muhammad al Durra in Gaza on September 30, shot as he huddled behind his father, reinforced that perception.

From the perspective of the GOI (Government of Israel), the demonstrations were organized and directed by the Palestinian leadership to create sympathy for their cause around the world by provoking Israeli security forces to fire upon demonstrators, especially young people. For Israelis, the lynching of two military reservists, First Sgt. Vadim Novesche and First Cpl. Yosef Avrahami, in Ramallah on October 12, reflected a deep-seated Palestinian hatred of Israel and Jews.”

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