Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres and Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak Taba talks
Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres and Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak Taba talks

The following information is based on research compiled by PBS:

SECOND INTIFADA 2001 – April, 2003

Jan. 21-27, 2001 Taba Talks

“The Taba negotiation  began on Sunday evening, January 21, and ended on Saturday afternoon, January 27. At the closing press conference, the parties issued this joint statement: ‘The sides declare that they have never been closer to reaching an agreement and it is thus our shared belief that the remaining gaps could be bridged with the resumption of negotiations following the Israeli election…’

…As Taba ended, there was general talk about further steps. One proposal was a meeting of Barak and Arafat, before the election, to achieve an undefined breakthrough or to agree on a framework. Another suggested reconvening the negotiators after the election, with the goal of reaching agreement by April 30.”

Israeli elections between Ehud Barak and Shimon Peres
Israeli elections – Shimon Peres

Feb. 6, 2001 Election of Ariel Sharon

“In a special election held February 6, 2001, Ariel Sharon was elected Prime Minister, decisively defeating . He presented his government to the Knesset on March 7, 2001. He pursued an uncompromising line against Palestinian terror groups and Yasser Arafat, and insisted that Arafat was an obstacle to peace and personally responsible for much of the violence of the Intifada.”

Apr.-May 2001 Mitchell Report

Former Senator George Mitchell headed an international commission that assessed the causes of the [al-Aqsa] Intifada and made a series of recommendations for transforming the situation. The findings were privately conveyed to the administration on April 30, 2001, and released to the public on May 21. They specified steps that both Palestinians and Israelis needed to take: the Palestinians on security, including specific action against the groups and the infrastructure responsible for terror; and Israelis on restoring normal life to Palestinians, including the removal of barriers to Palestinian movement of people and goods and a freeze on settlement activity.”

Egyptian PM Ehud Barak
Former Israeli PM Ehud Barak

June 13, 2001 Tenet Plan

“Following the failure of the Mitchell Plan to end the Palestinian-Israeli violence begun in September, 2000, US CIA Director George Tenet worked out a detailed plan for ending the violence and resuming negotiations, with the consent of the parties. The plan went into effect June 13, 2001, but resumption of negotiations was conditional on there being a single week free of violence. No such week occurred. By March 2002, Israeli PM Sharon said he would be willing to forego the week of quiet. However, Israeli forces had invaded Palestinian areas by this time, and Palestinians refused to negotiate until Israel withdrew its forces.”

Israeli PM Shimon Peres, Bill Clinton, Egyptian PM Hosni Mubarak and Palestinian Chairman, Yasser Arafat
Israeli PM Shimon Peres, Bill Clinton, Egyptian PM Hosni Mubarak and Palestinian Chairman, Yasser Arafat

Aug. 27, 2001 Israel Assassinates PFLP Leader

“The leader of the radical Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine has been killed in an Israeli attack. Palestinian sources say Abu Ali Mustafa died when at least two missiles struck his office in the West Bank town of Ramallah, not far from the offices of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat. Israeli military forces confirmed that they had carried out the attack, saying the missiles were fired by a helicopter gunship. Mustafa is the highest-ranking Palestinian official to be assassinated by the Israelis since the start of the 11-month Palestinian uprising.”

Oct. 17, 2001 PFLP Assassinates Israeli Minister of Tourism

“A rightwing Israeli minister was shot dead in a Jerusalem hotel today (October 17, 2001) by a suspected Palestinian gunman… The Syria-based Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine immediately claimed responsibility for murder of the far-right tourism minister, Rehavam Ze’evi. Mr Ze’evi was shot three times in the head and neck at close range in the Hyatt Hotel, which is close to Palestinian areas in east Jerusalem, police said… In statements to Arab television stations, the group said the shooting was in retaliation for the death of the PFLP leader, Mustafa Zibri, who died in an Israeli rocket attack on August 27.”


Jan. 5, 2002 Israel Captures the Karin-A

“The Israeli Army said today (Jan. 5, 2002) that it had seized a ship carrying 50 tons of rockets, mines, antitank missiles and other munitions meant for Yasir Arafat’s Palestinian Authority, even as the Bush administration’s envoy met with Mr. Arafat in the hope of strengthening his declared cease-fire with Israel. Palestinian officials denied any link to the ship, the Karine A, and dismissed the announcement a day after the seizure as propaganda timed to undermine Mr. Arafat. But Lt. Gen. Shaul Mofaz, chief of staff of the Israeli Army, said that the Karine A was owned by the Palestinian Authority, which governs Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and that its captain and several of its officers were members of the Palestinian naval police… Most of the military equipment found aboard the ship was from Iran, General Mofaz said.”

President Clinton with Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel and Yasser Arafat of Palestine
President Clinton with Shimon Peres and Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel

Mar. 13, 2002 U.S. & U.N. Security Council Officially Call for Palestinian State

“The United States ended years of resistance to Security Council action on the Middle East conflict late tonight (Mar. 13, 2002) when it sponsored and helped pass a resolution formally endorsing the concept of a Palestinian state and calling for ‘the immediate cessation of all acts of violence.’ The American resolution, which passed by a vote of 14 to 0 with Syria abstaining, affirmed ‘a vision of a region where two states, Israel and Palestine, live side by side within secure and recognized borders.’ It also called on the Palestinians and Israelis to restart negotiations on a political settlement.”

Mar. 28, 2002 Arab Peace Initiative

“The Arab League adopted… the first pan-Arab initiative for peace in the Middle East, Arab League Secretary-General Amr Moussa announced. The plan, offered by Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah, was adopted in a closed session following hours of wrangling over its final language.”

“The plan, in its broadest terms, offers Israel security and ‘normal relations’ in exchange for a withdrawal from occupied Arab territories, creation of an independent Palestinian state with al-Quds al-Shareef (East Jerusalem) as its capital, and the ‘return of refugees…’ Asked how ‘normal relations’ are defined, Prince Saud al Faisal, Saudi Arabia’s foreign minister, said, ‘We envision a relationship between the Arab countries and Israel that is exactly like the relationship between the Arab countries and any other state…’”

Egyptian Pres. Hosni Mubarak
Egyptian Pres. Hosni Mubarak 1981-2011

Mar. – Apr., 2002 Operation Defensive Shield

“In late March 2002, as the Saudi peace plan  made headway among the Americans, Europeans and UN delegates (in the form of resolution 1397),  and the Arab League adopted it at the Beirut summit, Sharon was once again momentarily cornered. Almost immediately, the revenge attack long expected from the ‘camps war’ of early March came on March 27, in the form of a Hamas suicide bombing in Netanya in which 29 Israelis were killed at Passover celebrations. The pretext for Operation Defensive Shield, the last but probably not the final round of Sharon’s campaign against the PA, was now in place.”

“In the largest call-up of Israeli reservists since 1967, from March 28 to April 4 all of the major West Bank towns except Hebron and Jericho, as well as a score of villages, were invaded and reoccupied. The ferocity and scale of the invasion was without precedent. But what was also different about Defensive Shield was the different nature of its targets. Three main towns, Ramallah, Nablus and Jenin, suffered the greatest devastation. The latter two had experienced the wrath of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) in early March and once again the target was the resistance forces based in their refugee camps. But in Ramallah, the target was openly the infrastructure of the PA.”

“Prior to Defensive Shield, Israeli destruction of PA institutions had remained limited to security installations, as well as infrastructure that had the trappings of future sovereignty such as the Gaza airport and [sea] port. Now, for the first time, the PA’s civilian infrastructure was targeted. From the second week onward, the invasion saw daily rounds of blasting entrances followed by ransacking, aimed at everything from the Legislative Council offices to the Ministries of Education, Finance, Agriculture, Trade and Industry to municipal buildings and Chambers of Commerce. In some cases, the attacks included “expert teams” brought in to find incriminating material — some of it likely destined for the vaunted “Arafat dossier” Sharon took to his meeting with Bush in Washington in early May…”


“By April 21, Israeli tanks had pulled out of the cities they had occupied save for two critical sites of standoff: Arafat’s compound in Ramallah and the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, where roughly 30 fighters had taken refuge along with scores of town residents. The siege on Arafat, for the umpteenth time, was a symbol of Sharon’s power to impose house arrest on him in full view of the international community… Ostensibly, Sharon’s siege on Arafat aimed to compel him to turn over six fugitives being held inside: four men implicated in the assassination of former Minister of Tourism Rehavam Zeevi, plus Ahmad Saadat, secretary general of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, and Fuad Shobaki, the alleged paymaster for the Karine A weapons ship intercepted by Israel in January (2002).”

July 22, 2002 Israel Assassinates Military Leader of  Hamas

“Israeli F-16 warplanes bombed the house of the military commander of Hamas in Gaza City last night, burying him and at least 11 other Palestinians, including seven children, beneath the rubble of a four-storey block of flats, and wounding 120 others. Last night’s assassination of Sheikh Salah Shehadeh is the most serious blow to the military wing of Hamas since the start of the Palestinian uprising nearly two years ago.”

Israel leaders, Ariel Sharon (second from left), Moshe Dayan (third from left) and other commanders
Israel leaders, Ariel Sharon (second from left), Moshe Dayan (third from left) and other commanders

Aug. 1, 2002 U.N. Report Disputes Claim of Jenin “Massacre”

“The United Nations has released its long -awaited report on Israeli- Palestinian fighting in the Jenin refugee camp last spring. The report rejects Palestinian claims of a massacre, but blames both sides for endangering civilians.”

Mar. 19, 2003 Arafat Names Mahmoud Abbas Prime Minister of the
Palestinian Authority

“Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat has officially asked his moderate deputy, Mahmud Abbas, to share power with him. His elevation to Prime Minister comes a day after Parliament approved the creation of the post.Mahmud Abbas (Abu Mazen) to be the Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority.”

Apr. 30, 2003 U.S. Publishes “Road Map”

“The United States yesterday (Apr. 30, 2003) released the long-awaited “road map” towards a Middle East peace settlement with the creation of an independent and viable Palestinian state by 2005. The move came hours after a new Palestinian prime minister, Mahmoud Abbas, popularly known as Abu Mazen, was sworn in and made a public commitment to curb attacks on Israeli civilians.”


    • GRAZIE MILLE!! Thanks a million for your generous support and for this reblog. I am exhausted from watching Hillary Clinton being beaten up by thugs. I have to say that she is one tough lady.

      Liked by 1 person

Comments are closed.