aside What Are the Voting Systems Per Each US State?

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On June 20, 2017, in a hearing before the House Intelligence Committee Tuesday, former Department of Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson testified that Russia’s meddling was “unprecedented, the scale and the scope of what we have seen them doing in the past.

And today, June 21, 2017, he outlined  before the Congressional hearing, how Russian interference in the election did not affect voting machine tallies, but could have affected the election in other ways.

According to various news sources, at least 15 states have electronic voting machines without a paper audit trail which would make a recount, impossible.

At a minimum, these voting machines should be banned from further usage in any state and a random audit of each state’s voting machines should be conducted post elections, to insure voting accuracy.

Image result for photo of pa electronic voting machinesAs per the 6/21/17 Washington Post report, “People connected to the Russian government tried to hack election-related computer systems in 21 states, a Department of Homeland Security official testified Wednesday (6/21/17).”

“Samuel Liles, the Department of Homeland Security’s acting director of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis Cyber Division, said vote tallying mechanisms were unaffected, and the hackers appeared to be scanning for vulnerabilities — which Liles likened to walking down the street and looking at homes to see who might be inside.”

“But hackers successfully exploited a “small number” of networks, Liles said, likening the act to making it through a home’s front door.”

“Liles was testifying before the Senate Intelligence Committee, which is investigating Russia’s efforts to meddle in the 2016 presidential election, and his remarks add some clarity to the breadth of the Kremlin’s cyber mischief. Officials in Arizona and Illinois had previously confirmed that hackers targeted their voter registration system, though news reports suggested the Russian effort was much broader.”

Ballotpedia has published on April 27, 2017, the following study results about each state’s voting methods and equipment.

Voting methods and equipment by state

“The types of voting equipment used in the United States vary from state to state. Some jurisdictions use electronic devices to record votes. Others use paper ballots, and others still use neither and vote by mail.”

Image result for photo of pa electronic voting machinesTypes of voting equipment

“The following types of voting equipment were in use in the United States as of September 2016:”

  • Optical Scan Paper Ballot Systems: “Voters mark their votes by filling in an oval, box, or similar shape on a paper ballot. Later, the paper ballots are scanned either at the polling place or at a central location.”
  • Direct Recording Electronic (DRE) Systems: “DRE systems employ computers that record votes directly into the computers’ memory. These interfaces may incorporate touchscreens, dials, or mechanical buttons. The voter’s choices are stored by the computer on a cartridge or hard drive. Some DRE systems are also equipped with a printer, which the voter may use to confirm his or her choices before committing them to the computer’s memory. The paper records can be preserved to be tabulated in case of an audit or recount.”
  • Ballot Marking Devices and Systems: “These systems are designed to help disabled voters who might be unable to vote using other methods. Most devices utilize a touchscreen along with audio or other accessibility features. Rather than recording the vote into the computer’s memory, the ballot is instead marked on paper and later tabulated manually.”
  • Punch Card Voting Systems: “These devices employ a paper card and a small clipboard device. A voter punches holes in the card to mark his or her vote. The pattern of holes in the card indicates the votes cast. The ballot may then be placed in a box to be tabulated manually or scanned by a computer later.”

‘Additionally, some jurisdictions use paper ballots that are manually counted at the polling place. Other jurisdictions use these paper ballots for absentee or provisional voting.”

Image result for photo of pa electronic voting machinesVoting methods by state

“The map and table below show what voting equipment was used in each state as of September 2016. Please note that the equipment listed below applies to the voter’s experience. For example, in New York state, a voter submits a paper ballot, which in turn is tallied using electronic equipment. For the purposes of the map and table below, such states are considered paper ballot states.”

“To access/ expand the table, click on “below wording:”

Recent news

“The link below is to the most recent stories in a Google news search for the terms voting machine. These results are automatically generated from Google. Ballotpedia does not curate or endorse these articles; they are included to provide readers with the most recent news articles on the subject.”

Source Link: Voting methods and equipment by state – Ballotpedia/ Apr 26, 2017


  1. Dear Mz. Gronda,
    “TRUST”, that seems to be a pretty simple word. However, most people do not realize that our entire nation is built on a concept of mutual trust. Without trust in our system of government, and the people running our government, this experiment as a Democratic Republic will collapse. Our very lives depend on trust for others to do the right thing and obey the laws of the land and honor our commitments to each other. We, as a people have trusted, since this nations inception that our voice as individuals would be heard by use of a vote cast to ensure the majority of the citizens determined the direction the nation took on various issues and needs.

    With the words above in mind, let’s consider the true problem that we now face as a nation in regards to our voting process. I have little doubt, along with many others, that the vote in the last federal/state election was conducted in a manner that could be considered trust worthy. The process was contorted by outside influences not only by use of deception but by physical means as well. You can quickly understand why the folks in charge of the IC are in what might be called a panic mode, if you think for just a moment what this problem means to this nation. If they admit that they have proof that the election counts were manipulated for one party or the other, it means that the voice of the citizens was not heard, and the person in the office was not actually legally elected. This is in effect a constitutional crisis of epic proportions and many have speculated that it could in fact lead to the collapse of the government.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Dear Crustyolemothman,

      It is not lost on most of us who have been watching the hearings to form the obvious question, if the IC community now admits that Russia hacked states’ election computer systems, how can they say with a high degree of certainty, that votes were not manipulated? No one is specifically asking this question, and of course, there is no response.


      This is where the democratic party can play a pro-active role in each state by fighting to bar the usage of electronic voting machines without a paper trail.

      Hugs, Gronda


    • That is an excellent point you made Crusty, it may be too late to correct this election, but safeguards and plenty of oversight, checks and balances must be in place by the next election. And like Gronda advises, paper trails is a must. One receives a receipt when making a purchase, it is a transaction between 2 parties, why can’t our election process issue voter receipts? Is it b/c the system was intentionally designed that way so the state can install the candidate of their choice? I shudder at the thought!


  2. In the UK we have postal votes (the regulations on which have been tightened up after a couple of questionable incidents), but as it has been for many decades.
    A voter goes into a voting station; three people are seated at a table.
    The voter hands the card delivered through the postal system. One official checks it off against the registration list, they verbally pass the information to a second person who checks off another list which confirms you have arrived to vote. A third official then hands you your voting slip. From then on you are not to speak to anyone, until you have voted and placed your voting slip in a time-honoured battered metal box, which by the way is locked.
    Apart from a few Conspiracy nuts and a couple of sore losers everyone is happy with the system and trusts it.
    (Results, of course, are quite a different subject!)

    Liked by 1 person

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